5G Technology – New Radio (NR)

5G technology provides higher throughput, with low latency and more communication reliability, for the communication between end devices. 5G Technology – New Radio (NR) In order for 5G technology to be able to deliver high throughout for users, it should…

5G Introduction

In this post we will discuss 5G Introduction. 5G is the fifth generation mobile network. It enables higher data rates for users with less latency compared to previous generations. In addition it enables many uses that were not applicable in…

What is Tracking Area in LTE ?

Here, we will discuss the Location identifiers in LTE mobile network, including the mobile operator identifier, the Tracking Area identifier, and the Cell identifier. In LTE mobile network, every eNB consists of several cells, and every group of cells, are…

Your Guide to LTE Interfaces

Let’s talk about LTE Interfaces. In LTE, every interface between two network nodes, is having an interface name, that represents the protocols used in the communication between those nodes. Below graph shows LTE Interfaces that exist between different nodes, In…

Gr interface and Gs interface

The Gr interface exists between the SGSN and the HLR. While the Gs interface exists between the SGSN and the MSC/VLR. Both of those interfaces are based on the ‘SS7’ protocol. Those interfaces doesn’t pass user plane data. They only…