(MS-SGSN-GGSN) GPRS Interfaces in 2G network

Here, we illustrate the GPRS interfaces between the MS, the SGSN, and the GGSN in 2G network in both ‘control plan’, and ‘data plan’. The ‘control plan’ is where the […]

(MS-SGSN-GGSN) GPRS Interfaces in 3G network

Here, we illustrate the GPRS interfaces between the MS, the SGSN, and the GGSN in 3G network in both ‘control plane’, and ‘data plane’. The ‘control plane’ is where the […]

What is SS7 over IP, ‘SIGTRAN’

SS7 protocol SS7 is a protocol responsible to move the signaling messages between telecom network nodes. It is using the Service Switching Points (SSPs), and Signal Transfer Points (STPs). The […]